Glossary / Glosario

A


ASARCO Superfund Site:  The site of a former heavy metals refining facility located at East 51st Avenue and Washington Street in north Denver and south Adams County. The site is a Superfund site because there are four areas of environmental contamination related to the plant; a program monitors and aims to reduce toxic air emissions from the Globe Plant to ensure the objectives of the Superfund Site are met.  More info: https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/cdphe/asarco-globe

B


Brighton Boulevard Corridor A commercial district centered around Brighton Boulevard, just north of downtown Denver. Currently undergoing significant infrastructure improvements and redevelopment. More info: https://www.denvergov.org/content/denvergov/en/denver-department-of-public-works/projects/current/brighton-boulevard-corridor.html

Brighton Boulevard Redevelopment Project The Brighton Boulevard Redevelopment Project is a project by the City of Denver to add public infrastructure on Brighton Boulevard, in conjunction with improvements being funded by the General Improvement and Business Improvement Districts. The city hopes to establish Brighton Boulevard as a gateway to Denver, for people traveling from the I-70 east corridor. Improvements will include a cycle track, sidewalks, curb and gutter installations, and on-street parking. Construction is set to begin in 2016. More info: https://www.denvergov.org/content/denvergov/en/denver-department-of-public-works/projects/current/brighton-boulevard-corridor.html
 

C


Catalytic Site A site identified in community plans whose development might spur broader redevelopment of an undeveloped area.

Central 70 Project The first phase of the highway reconstruction and expansion of Route I-70 East, which passes through North Denver. Formerly known as the I-70 East EIS or I-70 East project. More info: http://www.i-70east.com/alternatives.html#phase1

Clean Air Act (CAA) The Clean Air Act is the comprehensive federal law that regulates air emissions from stationary sources (like factories) and mobile sources (like cars). This law enables the creation of air quality standards to protect public health and public welfare. This law also enables the regulation of air pollutants, and can impact projects like highways and factories, due to air quality impacts. More info: https://www.epa.gov/laws-regulations/summary-clean-air-act

Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) A Colorado state governmental agency that works to improve and sustain public health and environmental quality More info: https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/cdphe/about

Colorado Department of Transportation (CDOT) The Colorado Department of Transportation, or CDOT, is responsible for building, maintaining, and managing Colorado's highway system, which includes interstates, US highways, and state highways. CDOT's main functions are snow and ice operations, roadway maintenance and preservation, and construction management. More info: https://www.codot.gov/

Corridor  A certain area, often around a street, that a project is within or development is centered around More info: https://www.hamilton.ca/sites/default/files/media/browser/2015-09-17%2014:50/lrt-submission-book6-corridor-planning-principles-design-guidelines.pdf

Corridor of Opportunity  Term coined by the Hancock administration to promote and refer to the private investment opportunity represented by the rapid development taking place in and planned for the stretch of land along I70 and the A line, between North Denver and Denver International Airport

Cycle Track A cycle track is a bike facility designed so that bike travel is physically separated from car traffic, and distinct from pedestrian areas. More info: http://nacto.org/publication/urban-bikeway-design-guide/cycle-tracks/

D


Denver Auditor An independently elected official who serves as a check and balance on Denver's "strong mayor" form of government. The Auditor's job to is to monitor the internal workings of the Denver government. The auditor’s responsibilities also involve maximizing efficiencies, minimizing risks, and improving accountability in government. More info: https://www.denvergov.org/content/denvergov/en/denver-auditor/about-the-auditor.html

Denver South Platte Corridor Study (DSPCS) An extensive study of the potential cleanup and reuse of river-oriented development and neighborhood revitalization along the urbanized South Platte Corridor in Denver.   More info: https://www.denvergov.org/Portals/646/documents/planning/Plans/south_platte_corridor/South%20Platte%20Corridor%20Study.pdf

E


Elyria A neighborhood in North Denver

Elyria and Swansea Neighborhood Association A neighborhood association representing the residents of Elyria and Swansea

Elyria-Swansea A name given to two North Denver neighborhoods, to refer to them together. Although historically separate and distinct, the two are often combined in common parlance.

Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) A document prepared if a proposed action will significantly affect the quality of the human environment. It includes the purpose and need of the project, and considers a range of alternatives that can accomplish the purpose and need. This document also analyzes the environmental consequences, and other background material. EIS documentation is required by the National Environmental Policy Act. More info: https://www.epa.gov/nepa/national-environmental-policy-act-review-process#EIS

Environmental Justice is the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people, regardless of race, color, national origin, or income, with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies. Per the Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental justice requires that all populations receive the same degree of protection from environmental and health hazards. It also requires that all communities have equal access to the decision-making process about the environment. More info: https://www.epa.gov/environmentaljustice/learn-about-environmental-justice

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) The EPA is a federal agency charged with protecting human health and the environment. The EPA administers many federal environmental laws and regulations, including the Clean Air Act.More info: https://www.epa.gov/aboutepa

F


Five Points A historically African-American neighborhood just northeast of downtown Denver. This neighborhood was once known as the "Harlem of the West," and is now experiencing rapid change and gentrification. More info: http://www.denver.org/about-denver/denver-neighborhoods/five-points/

G


Gentrification the process of renewal and rebuilding accompanying the influx of middle-class or affluent people into deteriorating areas that often displaces poorer residents

Globeville A neighborhood in North Denver, located just West of Elyria and Swansea

Greenway A strip of undeveloped land near an urban area, set aside for recreational use or environmental protection

I


I-70 East The highway reconstruction and expansion project for Route I-70 East, which passes through North Denver. Renamed the Central 70 Project in spring 2016.

I-70 East Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) The main report for the I-70 East project, which documents the environmental impacts of the project, and was written by the Colorado Department of Transportation (CDOT). This EIS was required by law because it is a federally funded transportation project. The EIS process for I-70 east took place from 2003 to 2016, received lots of media attention, and involved a lengthy public engagement process. The I-70 East EIS term is often used to describe the overall I-70 EIS project. More info: http://www.i-70east.com/reports.html#feis

Induced Demand A term used to describe the "observed increase in traffic volume that occurs soon after a new highway is opened or a previously congested highway is widened." Induced demand can happen because new highway projects often decrease the costs and time required for travel, due to the highway’s newly increased capacity, or lower congestion, whether real or perceived. Decreased travel times may encourage some travelers to drive instead of using public transit, and may encourage others to choose different destinations or use routes they might otherwise avoid. More info: http://www.wired.com/2014/06/wuwt-traffic-induced-demand/

M


Managed Lanes A highway or a set of lanes where operational strategies are actively used to manage travel in the lane, in response to changing conditions. Managed lanes can be tolled, High Occupancy Vehicle lanes, or limited access lanes. Strategies used may change over time to ensure vehicles can move quickly in the lanes. More info: http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/managelanes_primer/

N


National Western Complex (NWC) The site of a massive project around the National Western Stock Show Complex and Denver Coliseum area in North / East Denver.

NEPA Process The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process begins when a federal agency develops a proposal to take a major federal action. The NEPA process is a review of the environmental impacts of a major project, to ensure that the environment is being adequately protected. This review often involves the creation of an environmental impact statement. More info: https://www.epa.gov/nepa/national-environmental-policy-act-review-process

North Denver Cornerstone Collaborative (NDCC) Collective term, coined by the Hancock administration, for a group of construction and development projects pioneered by this administration and focusing on transforming areas such as: Globeville, Elyria-Swansea, Brighton Blvd, Greenway/South Platte, National Western Complex and I-70 East.

P


Partial Cover Lowered Alternative The preferred alternative for the I70 east project, which involves lowering the highway to below-ground level, expanding it, and covering a portion of it with a highway cap, consisting mainly of a public park near the current site of Swansea Elementary. More info: http://www.i-70east.com/alternatives.html

Public Private Partnership (P3) (PPP) This kind of partnership is a joint project between the city and private entity(s). A P3 is a "a long-term contract between a private party (normally a business) and a government entity, for providing a public asset or service”. In these agreements, the the private party bears significant risk, while also being responsible for management of the project. The I-70 East project is an example of a P3. More info: http://ppp.worldbank.org/public-private-partnership/overview/what-are-public-private-partnerships

R


Re-route Also known as The I-270/I-76 Reroute Alternative for I-70. A proposal, championed by Unite North Metro Denver, to close I-70 between Wadsworth Avenue and Central Park Boulevard, and to divert traffic north of the current alignment onto I-76 and I-270. I-70 would be replaced by an at grade, tree-lined boulevard where it is removed. More info: http://unitenorthmetrodenver.com/

Regional Air Quality Council The lead air quality planning agency for the Denver metropolitan area. The Council’s mission is to develop and propose effective and cost-efficient air quality planning initiatives with input from government agencies, the private sector, stakeholder groups, and citizens of the Denver metropolitan region. Its primary task is to demonstrate and ensure long-term  compliance with state and federal air quality standards and provide acceptable public health and environmental protections to those residing in the Denver metropolitan area, as well as the North Front Range area. CDOT plans to partner with the Regional Air Quality Council to provide a funding pool for pollution control modifications More info: http://raqc.org/who/category/about_us/

Revitalization To restore or bring something back after it has declined in condition or popularity

River North Art District (RiNo)  A non-profit organization consisting of artists and developers, and often used to refer to the area at the intersection of Five Points, Globeville, and Elyria-Swansea. The River North Art District is also now a registered neighborhood organization.

S


Sierra Club The Sierra Club is the largest grassroots environmental organization in the U.S.   More info: http://www.sierraclub.org/about

Swansea A neighborhood in North Denver

T


Taxpayers Bill of Rights (TABOR) A constitutional amendment, designed to restrain growth in government, passed by voters in 1992. TABOR limits the amount of revenue that the state, counties, cities, school districts, and special districts can collect and spend. These limitations are made to keep government small, require voter approval for tax increases, and allow government to only grow at the same rate as the population. TABOR can be extremely limiting for the state budget, because it requires that ta increases be put to a popular vote. Many cities and counties in Colorado have implemented a partial reprieve from some TABOR provisions, meaning they are not constrained by some tax and spending restrictions. The Bell Policy Center calls TABOR "the most restrictive tax and spending limitation in the country." More info: http://www.bellpolicy.org/basic/colorados-tabor

Tax Increment Financing (TIF) TIF is a funding mechanism that helps to fund development in a specific district that has been designated ready for urban renewal. TIF allows a government agency, the Denver Urban Renewal Authority, to issue and repay redevelopment bonds. After development occurs, for 20 to 30 years, most tax dollars generated from the district will be directed to repay the redevelopment bonds, instead of going into the general fund or other city funds. More info: https://www.denvergov.org/sirepub/cache/2/bnqry455wuzbya45h5a5yq55/74053004102016104539740.PDF

U


Unite North Metro Denver A nonprofit organization that has organized to oppose the I-70 east project. More info: http://unitenorthmetrodenver.com/